Management of Local Fishries

Aqaba is the only city with coastal access in Jordan, situated on the narrow 27 km coastline at the Gulf of Aqaba of the Red Sea. Jordan coastline is characterized by a maximum depth of about 800 m, which holds the presence of more than 510 marine fish species, 5% of which are endemic, are present within the Jordanian waters of the Gulf of Aqaba. In addition, they had revealed significant fish community-level differences between shallow and deep reefs, and suggested that the deep reefs may serve as nursery grounds for certain fish species. Despite the diversity of species, but the marine resources of this site are under heavy pressure resulting from different stakeholder’s interests, but as a major is the conflict with mass tourism, construction of mega projects, increasing industrial activity and trade.

The marine fisheries in Jordan is relatively small due to the limited coastline area, which made little jurisdiction over fisheries in the Red Sea (FAO, 2003). Thought, two fisheries associations were established through the Ministry of Agriculture with around 50 artisanal fishing vessels.

In 2014, the Royal Marine Conservation Society (JREDS) has established a detailed study on marine fisheries at the Gulf of Aqaba funded by GIZ, through Protection of the Environment and Biodiversity in Jordan (PROTEB) project. This project was performed over the period of 2014-2015 aiming to understand fish stock size, identify socio- economic perspectives of fishermen and find linkages between fishermen and private sector. All data are included details on catch such as species, size, and weight, as well as details on vessels and gear used. All information were included in a comprehensive database available at JREDS- Aqaba office.

Achievements

  • Develop the first continuous data on marine fisheries from Jordan
  • Develop a details socio- economic survey for fishermen’s at Aqaba
  • Develop a database for fisheries including a comprehensive details on fisheries